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A gavel in a courtroom with a person in the background, overlaying the bold title "NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS (NAR) LAWSUIT" and the subtitle "$1.8 Billion Verdict Against Realtors," for a blog post about the legal case involving the National Association of Realtors. The logo of Point Acquisitions is at the bottom.

The Impact of the $1.8 Billion NAR Lawsuit Verdict Against Realtors

A landmark decision by a Missouri court redefined the landscape of the real estate industry in the United States. In a case that stands out for its sheer scale and potential implications, the National Association of Realtors (NAR) and two major real estate brokerages, including Keller Williams Realty, have been found liable for a staggering $1.8 billion in damages.

This verdict, resulting from allegations of artificially inflating agent commissions, marks a pivotal moment in how real estate transactions might proceed.

A close-up of a calculator and pen on financial documents, overlaid with the word "LAWSUIT" in a bold, transparent rectangle, representing a post discussing the legal action involving the National Association of Realtors.

Key Takeaways

  • A Missouri court found the National Association of Realtors (NAR) and two major real estate brokerages, including Keller Williams Realty, liable for $1.8 billion in a groundbreaking lawsuit. 
  • The core issue of the lawsuit was the traditional method of paying buyer agent commissions, which typically amount to 5-6% of the property’s selling price, split between the buyer’s agent and the seller’s agent. 
  • The verdict signals a shift towards more transparency in commission practices in real estate transactions, potentially leading to a significant change in industry norms.
  • The case’s outcome could influence antitrust laws, and similar legal challenges are emerging in other states. 
  • NAR and other defendants plan to appeal the verdict. The industry is closely watching these developments, which could reshape the future landscape of real estate transactions.

What was the ruling?

In October 2023, a significant legal ruling in Missouri marked a turning point in the real estate industry. A federal jury in Kansas City found the National Association of Realtors (NAR) and major real estate brokerages like HomeServices of America and Keller Williams guilty of inflating commission fees through their practices.

This decision originated from a class-action lawsuit filed in 2019 on behalf of around 500,000 home sellers in Missouri and neighboring areas.

The lawsuit focused on the NAR’s rule that mandated using an offer of compensation model when properties were advertised on the Multiple Listing Service (MLS).

Plaintiffs argued that this model forced home sellers to bear costs that buyers would otherwise pay in a competitive market, thus artificially inflating the commission of the buyer’s agent. The jury agreed with this view, determining that the defendants conspired to require home sellers to pay the broker representing the buyer, violating federal antitrust law.

Knock-on Effect of the NAR Lawsuit

The ruling has profound implications. For one, it challenges the long-standing practice of home sellers paying commissions for buyer agents, sparking a national debate over this norm.

The jury’s decision could pave the way for significant changes in how real estate commissions are structured, potentially leading to more negotiation autonomy and a move towards a more competitive and transparent market. However, concerns about changing this structure could disadvantage buyers, particularly those with less liquidity, as they might have to pay broker commissions out of pocket.

Following this ruling, there’s been a surge in similar lawsuits and class actions across the United States, indicating a growing dissatisfaction with the current commission structures and a push for reform in the real estate industry.

Despite the verdict, the NAR and other defendants have expressed intentions to appeal, believing in the fairness of the current system. They argue that the existing practice offers the most significant number of buyers a chance to afford a home and professional representation while giving sellers access to the largest pool of buyers.

The outcome of these appeals and the potential restructuring of commission practices remains to be seen as the industry watches closely how this legal battle evolves.

This case represents a legal challenge and a significant shift in how real estate transactions could be conducted in the future, impacting buyers, sellers, and industry professionals alike.

One person hands over a house key to another, symbolizing the transfer of property ownership, with a model house and financial documents in the background, an image potentially used in discussions about the NAR lawsuit's impact on home buyers and sellers.

What This Means for Home Buyers and Sellers

The recent legal decision against the National Association of Realtors and major brokerage firms is more than a headline; it’s a potential game-changer for anyone involved in real estate transactions.

Increased Transparency: One of the most significant implications of this case is the push for more transparency in real estate dealings. Currently, the commission structure is only sometimes clear to buyers and sellers. For example, a Consumer Federation of America survey found that many consumers must fully know the commission rates and how they are divided between buyer and seller agents. This lack of transparency can lead to higher consumer costs and less satisfaction for all parties involved.

Potential Cost Savings: If the industry moves towards a more competitive market, it could mean substantial savings for home buyers and sellers. A study by Clever Real Estate reports that sellers typically pay 6% in commission, split between buyer and seller agents. However, these rates could be negotiated in a more competitive market, saving thousands of dollars. For instance, on a $300,000 home, a reduction in commission by just 1% would save $3,000.

Shift in Industry Practices: The case could also lead to a reassessment of how agents are chosen and compensated. According to the National Association of Realtors, 89% of buyers purchased their home through a real estate agent or broker in 2022. However, with potential changes in commission structures and increased consumer awareness, buyers and sellers might seek more of a value-driven approach with real estate professionals.

More Choices for Consumers: A more open market could lead to a wider range of services and pricing options. Consumers might see new, innovative real estate service models that provide different service levels at various prices, offering more customized choices based on their needs.

Long-Term Market Effects: The impact of this case could extend well beyond commission structures. It might influence how homes are marketed, how agents interact with clients, and how transactions are handled from start to finish. The ripple effect could lead to a more consumer-centric real estate industry overall.

Educated Decision-Making: With these changes, buyers and sellers are encouraged to become more informed about the real estate process. Understanding the

nuances of real estate transactions, from commission structures to agent roles, will become increasingly important.

Two individuals shake hands over a desk with a model house, keys, and financial documents, indicating a real estate transaction, possibly related to a blog discussing the implications of a NAR lawsuit on commission practices in the real estate industry.

Commission Practices in the Real Estate Industry

When buying or selling a property in the U.S., a common practice directly affects how much money changes hands and centers on broker commissions. Typically, these commissions, involving listing agents and buyer’s agents, add up to 5-6% of the property’s selling price. This amount is usually divided equally between the agent representing the seller (the seller’s agent) and the one working with the buyer (the buyer agent). However, this practice was at the heart of the recent court case involving the National Association of Realtors (NAR) and two significant brokerage firms.

The class action lawsuit brought forth in Missouri highlighted a critical argument regarding these commission practices. The plaintiffs contended that the policies set by NAR were limiting the natural competition that should exist in the real estate market, potentially leading to excessive fees. This is important because it suggests that buyer agent compensation could be influencing property choices, thereby not necessarily aligning with the client’s best interests.

Broader Implications and Reactions

The repercussions of this landmark $1.8 billion verdict extend far beyond the courtroom. If the court concludes that U.S. antitrust laws were violated, the damages could soar to over $5.3 billion. This staggering amount underscores the severity of the issue and its national importance.

This verdict has set a precedent, sparking similar legal challenges in other states, notably Texas and South Carolina. These cases mirror the concerns raised in Missouri, signaling a possible nationwide shift in how real estate commissions are structured. This collective legal action indicates a growing discontent with the status quo and a push toward reforming commission practices across the country.

A real estate agent holds a "HOME FOR SALE" sign in one hand and a clipboard with a purchase and sale agreement in the other, indicative of the real estate market activity and possibly relating to a blog post about the impact of a NAR lawsuit on real estate practices.

Realtor’s Response and Future Outlook

In response to this significant legal setback, the NAR and other accused groups have voiced their intentions to appeal the verdict. They stand by their stance that their practices are in consumers’ best interests and generate healthy market competition. This defense is critical, reflecting their belief in the current commission model’s efficacy and fairness.

The leadership changes within the National Association of Realtors in 2023 indicate a potential shift in strategy and approach, particularly in response to recent legal challenges and industry dynamics. The new team is expected to bring a fresh perspective and possibly new strategies to address the evolving landscape of the real estate industry.

Kenny Parcell was installed as the 2023 president of NAR. With a significant background in real estate and previous roles within NAR, including vice president of government affairs and regional vice president, Parcell’s extensive experience could guide NAR through these challenging times. His leadership might emphasize strong advocacy and effective representation of industry interests, especially in legislative matters.

As the appeals process unfolds, it will offer further insights into the future direction of real estate transactions and the potential for more transparent and equitable practices.


The ruling, centered on the long-standing practices of real estate commissions, has set the stage for potential transformative changes in how these commissions are structured and handled. It highlights a growing push towards transparency, fairness, and a more competitive market environment in real estate transactions.

This decision is a legal milestone and a catalyst for reevaluating traditional business models within the real estate sector. It raises critical questions about the balance of interests between buyers, sellers, and real estate professionals and how these can be realigned to serve all parties involved better.

As the real estate industry grapples with these changes, the focus on educated decision-making and consumer awareness becomes increasingly significant.

An individual's hand holds three wooden blocks stacked vertically, each bearing a letter to spell out "FAQ", symbolizing frequently asked questions that could be related to a blog post addressing the National Association of Realtors lawsuit.


What is the role of a real estate agent in buying a home?

A real estate agent assists you throughout the home-buying process. This includes identifying potential homes, negotiating prices, and guiding you through paperwork. When representing a buyer, they are known as a buyer’s agent. 

How does a listing agent differ from a buyer’s agent?

A listing agent represents home sellers, helping them list and market their property, usually on the Multiple Listing Service (MLS). They manage showings, negotiate offers, and facilitate the sale process. On the other hand, a buyer’s agent focuses on the home buyer’s interests, helping them find and purchase a property that meets their needs and budget.

What is a Multiple Listing Service (MLS)?

The Multiple Listing Service (MLS) is a comprehensive database of properties for sale, used by real estate agents to share information about homes on the market. It provides detailed listings and is an essential tool for both listing agents and buyer’s agents in helping their clients sell or purchase homes.

How does a price-competitive system in real estate benefit home buyers and sellers?

When a price-competitive system develops in the real estate market, it can lead to more favorable conditions for buyers and sellers. For home sellers, it can mean a quicker sale at a good price. For buyers, it often leads to more options within their budget. 

How does compensating buyer agents impact the overall consumer cost in the real estate market?

To compensate buyer agents is a standard practice in real estate transactions. This compensation is typically factored into the overall transaction costs and can influence the final selling price of a home. In markets where a competitive system has developed, there can be more flexibility in commission structures, which lowers consumer costs. 

About The Author

Jesse Shemesh

With a wealth of experience in nurturing diverse commercial real estate investment portfolios across multiple markets, I actively engage in the development and execution of deals spanning all asset classes. My expertise lies in collaborating with strategic partners, including corporate real estate professionals, fund managers, developers, and investors, to source, identify, and entitle opportunities. At Point Acquisitions, we take pride in our unique, proprietary platform that specializes in property acquisitions, generating a steady stream of organic deal flow that sets us apart from the competition. As a seasoned professional in the real estate industry, I am dedicated to creating lasting partnerships and delivering exceptional results for all stakeholders.


Please note that Point Acquisitions is not a tax expert or tax advisor. The information on our blogs and pages is for general informational purposes only and should not be relied upon as legal, tax, or accounting advice. Any information provided does not constitute professional advice or create an attorney-client or any other professional relationship. We recommend that you consult with your tax advisor or seek professional advice before making any decisions based on the information provided on our blogs and pages. Point Acquisitions is not responsible for any actions taken based on the information provided on our blogs and pages.

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